Cancer

Cancer
Which Cancers Cause Weight Gain – People Are Wondering

On 2:52 AM

Most cancer will cause lose weight symptom because the cancer eat up your energy. However, some cancer could cause weight gain in rare cases. Thus, people are wondering which cancers cause weight gain. This is something to be concerned because cancer is big problem and weight gain could add the problem. It is not only that weight gain is bad for your physical appearance, but also weight gain could lead to obesity that increase risk to serious medical conditions. If you already have cancer and you get another disease, the complication would be so much devastating.


Although rare, some cancers are indeed causing weight gain. The most common cancer that causes weight gain is ovarian cancer. When women have ovarian cancer, the mass of the tumor, which already grow big will cause weight gain. The weight gain may also cause by constipation that commonly occur in ovarian cancer and build of fluid in the abdomen as the cancer grows. There are other answers to which cancers cause weight gain. Besides ovarian cancer, carcinoid cancer and pituitary tumors may cause weight gain. If you experience unexplained weight gain, visit your doctor.

Which Cancers Cause Weight Gain

Which Cancers Cause Weight Gain May Not the Correct Question



In different cases, ‘which cancers cause weight gain’ may not the correct question. In such cases, the cause of weight gain is not the cancer but the treatment. Cancer treatment using hormones or steroids may cause weight gain. Drugs use during cancer treatment may cause fluid retention and lower body metabolism. As the result, patient will experience weight gain. In the case of the body retain extra fluid in the cells and tissue; the weight gain would be different. The body will feel bloated and when you push your body with your finger, the pit may not go back or very slowly return to normal.


Cancer treatment may also change patient daily habit that could lead to weight gain. The example is food craving during chemotherapy due to anxiety or controlling nausea. When you eat more, it is possible to gain weight. The other possible cause is less energy that lead to lower activity level that mean low fat burning. Therefore, which cancers cause weight gain may not correct because it could happen to patient with any type of cancer.

Cancer of the Appendix – Rare but Dangerous

On 5:13 PM

Cancer of the appendix is rare and you may think it is not so dangerous because appendix is a small pouch that the purpose in not known so the organ is not so vital to human. Living without an appendix is not a problem. However, appendix cancer is something that you could not neglect. Cancer is cancer, anyway. It is dangerous because it could spread to other organs and cause huge problems to your health. In the case of appendix cancer, sometime it is slow growing and sometime it is very aggressive. In bad cases, it could be life threatening.



In the appendix, there could be a condition called pseudomyxoma peritonei. This is not a cancer but it could develop into a cancer. Hence, do not afraid but should be careful for possibility of cancer. Cancer of the appendix is classified into four primary types. The first one is slow growing and the most common called carcinoid, adenocarcinoid, and goblet cell appendix tumor. The second one is colonic-type adenocarcinoma, which occurs near colon. The third is non-carcinoid appendix cancer that starts in the appendix wall and produce mucin (thick and sticky substance) that become dangerous when it flow through abdominal space and disturb the function of digestive organs. The fourth is the rarest but most aggressive called signet-ring cell adenocarcinoma.

Cancer of the Appendix


Cancer of the Appendix, Symptoms and Treatments


Symptoms of pseudomyxoma peritonei and appendix cancer could be similar such as inflated abdomen due to build up of fluid. Sometime, it is similar with appendicitis such as lack of appetite, nausea, constipation, diarrhea, and pain in lower right section of abdomen. To ensure whether it is cancer of the appendix, several tests may need to be performed such as ultrasound, CT Scan, MRI, radionucleotide scan, and biopsy. Once diagnosed, staging would be performed and treatment should be planned.



Treatment for appendix cancer is commonly combination of chemotherapy and surgery. First, the patient will treat with systemic chemotherapy to reduce the size of tumor. Then, it will followed by surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Nevertheless, cancer of the appendix may cause different condition that could make the treatment different for different patient.

Cancer of the Vulva another Women Threat

On 8:07 PM

Starting in the female external sex organ, cancer of the vulva is another threat to women. The location could be anywhere in the vulva and the surrounding area. It could occur at labia majora (the outer lips) and labia minora (the inner lips) as the two most common locations. Sometimes, the cancer starts in the perineum (the skin between vulva and anus). It may also involve clitoris and Bartholin’s glands. When it grows, it could spread wider even to distant organs.



The vulva cancer that also called vulvar cancer could be life threatening when it develops to late stages. However, most cancer of the vulva forms slowly from abnormal cells in the vulva. The abnormal vulva cells are commonly a VIN or vulval intraepithelial neoplasia. It is not a cancer but it could develop into a cancer. Therefore, it is crucial to find abnormal cells early and treat it well so the forming of cancer cells could be prevented.

Cancer of the Vulva

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Cancer of the Vulva, Symptoms and Treatments


Symptoms of VIN that could grow into cancer are including lasting itch, pain, soreness, lump in the vulva, dark patches in the skin of vulva, open sore in the skin, mole in the vulva that changes color, shape, or size, vaginal discharge, abnormal bleeding, and burning pain when pass urine. Anytime you experience the symptoms, it is suggested to consult with physician. Although it may a kind of infection, you need to get treatment immediately because it may develop into something more serious such as cancer of the vulva. When you get cancer, it would be so much harder to treat it.



If your condition is VIN, doctor may recommend you to take some treatment such as topical treatment with cream or laser treatment. Doctor will follow you up closely during the treatment because there is chance you have cancer. If it found that you have cancer, the treatment should be comprehensive. The most common treatment for cancer of the vulva is surgery with wide local excision when the surgeon will take the affected area and some healthy tissue around it. For higher stage, the treatment may a combination of drugs, radiation, and surgery.

Cancer of the Tongue is One of Oral Cancer Types

On 9:48 PM

Since tongue is the part of mouth, cancer of the tongue is one of oral cancer types. However, not all cancers occur at tongue are considered oral cancer. Only two third parts from the front of tongue is classified as oral cancer. Cancers, which located in the back of the tongue is considered head and neck cancer type. If we talk about tongue cancer, it should be referring to cancer that occurs in the front part of the tongue. From many cases, it usually develops in the thin cells that cover tongue surface called squamous cells.

Cancer of the Tongue

Cancer of the Tongue – Symptoms and Treatments



Understanding symptom of tongue cancer could help early detection and the cure. The symptoms are mostly not specific in the early stage such as sore in the mouth, sore throat, and red patch in the tongue that we may confuse it with a cold or mouth ulcer. As cancer of the tongue grows, more symptoms will occur. The symptoms are including persistent pain in the tongue, jaw, and other part of the mouth, lump inside the mouth, difficulty of chewing, difficulty of swallowing, and difficulty of moving the tongue and jaw.


Since most symptoms are not specific, you should not too frighten but still need to observant. If you experience the symptoms, it is better to visit doctor to consult and find what happen. Doctor will examine you and recommend several test if he suspects cancer. The most common test to diagnose cancer of the tongue is biopsy. If it confirms you have cancer and doctor figure out the stage and complexities of the cancer, he will recommend treatment to fight the cancer.


Similar with other cancer types, treatment for tongue cancer is tailor made by individual approach. The options are including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted drug therapy. Commonly, patient should have combination of several treatments to fight the cancer. Radiation and chemotherapy are the common initial treatment to shrink the cancer before the doctor performs surgery to remove the entire tumor or uses targeted drug therapy to the cancerous cells. Due to the treatment plan, it will take times to treat cancer of the tongue.

Why Cancer Research Is Important More Than National Boundaries

On 3:53 PM

Cancer researches have been carrying out worldwide with scientists from all over the world are sharing information and helping each other to understand cancer more. It is unquestionable why cancer research is important more than national boundaries. Saving human life is much more important than any geographical conflicts and races war. White skin or black skin, blonde or brunette, no matter what, the whole world needs to work hand in hand to understand cancer more. Only with that, we will find a way to fight cancer.



Why Cancer Research Is Important to Find Real Solution

Why Cancer Research Is Important


Cancer is very scary disease. It makes you agonize and take your live away. Unlike other disease, cancer is not one disease but hundreds of different diseases with distinctiveness and mystery of why it occurs, how it occurs, and how to deal with it. Until the very day, so many cancers are still unknown what the cause of it, who is high risk, and how to treat it. That is why cancer research is important. We need to know the causes of each type of cancer, the risk factors, the way to fight it in individual approaches, and save lives.


Research for cancer is not merely finding the perfect treatment to kill it. Cancer prevention and screening become imperative because prevention is so much better than treatment. With preventive action, we could prevent people from suffering and save more lives. If the research successful, we could prevent people from the torture of chemotherapy, the agony of radiation, and the high risk of surgery. That is another reason why cancer research is important. That is also the reason why we need to support cancer research without seeing at which country it takes place.


For decades, even for centuries, people have been suffering for mysterious deadly disease that could take life in very scary paces. It does not matter who you are, no one is free from the risk of cancer. Without research, we will not able to find the real solution for cancer. Hence, do not question why cancer research is important. As long as the research is legitimate, we need to give full support as we can.

Cancer of the Eye, Rare but could be Life Threatening

On 5:51 PM

Cancer of the eye is among the rarest type of cancer. Several types of cancer could occur in the eye area and affect the eye but the most common type is ocular melanoma eye cancer. Melanoma is a cancer that developed from melanocytes, cells that responsible for the color of the skin. Melanoma is actually most common in the skin but it may occur in the eye. Although very rare, cancer that developed in eye area could spread to other part of the body. In serious case, it could spread to distant organs such as lungs or liver and could be life threatening. For that reason, eye cancer should be treated early to prevent spreading and complication.


Cancer of the Eye


Risks, Symptoms, and Treatments of Cancer of the Eye



Due to rareness of eye cancer, the cause is still unknown and only limited risk factors could be defined. The possible risk factor of eye melanoma is long time and excessive exposure to ultraviolet. The UV could be from sunlight, sunbed, or sunlamp. Several studies also found possible link between cancer of the eye with atypical mole syndrome called dysplastic naevus syndrome. Melanoma may develop from existing mole in the conjunctiva and may develop from PAM (Primary Acquired Melanosis).



Usually, eye melanoma does not create any symptom. Melanoma is usually found by optician when performing routine test to the eye. Hence, it is important to have regular eye test to know whether you have melanoma develop in your eyes or not. Nevertheless, it is important to vigilant to any unusual condition in the eyes such as blurred vision, the feeling of seeing flashing lights, and seeing shadows. Then, you can also help early detection of cancer of the eye by doing self-exam on the eye. Search carefully for the possibility of dark or white patches of the eyes and the surrounding.



Treatment options for eye cancer are varied. The possible options are including radiotherapy, chemotherapy with eye drops, surgery, transpupillary thermotherapy, cryotherapy, and photodynamic therapy. Doctor may recommend one treatment or combination of treatments based on individual condition. To know how much the treatment work so far doctor may conduct several tests such as transillumination, color fundus photography, PET/CT Scan, and MRI. Those tests are also functional in helping the doctor to plan treatment for cancer of the eye.

Important Information of Cancer of the Throat

On 4:25 PM

In general, cancer of the throat is commonly used to refer cancer in the pharynx and larynx. Pharynx is the swallowing tube between nose and esophagus while larynx is the voice box where the voice is produced. Throat cancer is also a general term for any cancer occurs in throat and surrounding area. Two main types of throat cancer are squamous cell carcinoma that developed in squamous cells, which lining the throat and cancer that occur in minor salivary glands. The last one is less frequent type.



Cancer of the Throat – Risks, Symptoms, and Treatments

Cancer of the Throat



The most common risk factors of throat cancer are smoking and drinking. Infection of human papilloma virus (HPV) is the new growing risk factor, especially for oropharynx cancer. Sexual contact, particularly oral sex is the reason of the virus to spread to the throat area. The other risk factor of cancer of the throat is exposure to certain chemicals, including sulfuric acid fumes, asbestos, and nickel. Gender, race, and age may also play important role, as men, African American, and senior over 65 years old are more likely to develop throat cancer. To prevent throat cancer, it is important to reduce the risks as much as you can.



Symptoms of throat cancers are including hoarseness, voice change, sore throat, difficult to swallow, cough, breathing problems, and a feeling that something is caught in the throat. The other symptoms may occur in different area such as pain in the ear and lump in the neck. Similar with other cancer types, sudden unexplained weight loss is also the symptom of cancer of the throat. If you experience the symptom, it is important to consult with doctor. Early detection will help the healing.



In order to treat cancer right, accurate diagnose is necessary. Diagnostic tests for throat cancer are including biopsy, imaging tests (CT, CAT, PET, MRI, X-rays), laryngeal videostroboscopy, and fiber optic endoscopic examination of swallowing. After diagnosis, several methods could be chosen to treat cancer of the throat. The treatments are chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, and targeted therapies. The choice of treatment should be made based on patient individual condition and safety rate of the treatment.

Cancer of the Mouth, the Disease that Get Rid the Smile Away

On 7:24 PM

Cancer of the mouth is also called oral cancer. It is includes cancers that occur on the lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate that could get rid your smile away. Mouth cancer should be diagnose early and treat early or it could be life threatening. One-year survival rate of the oral cancer patients are 81%, while 5 years survival rate is 56% and 10 years survival rate is 41%. Men are two times higher risk than women are, and the greatest risk is men over 50 years old.



Smokeless tobacco users such as snuffing, chewing, ad dipping tobacco is the highest risk factor with 50% likely to develop oral cancer, especially on the gums, cheek, and lip lining. The other common risk factors are smoking and excessive alcohol consumption with about six times higher than people whom do not smoking and not drinking. The other risk factors of cancer of the mouth are excessive exposure to the direct sunlight from early age, HPV (human papillomavirus) infection, and family history of cancer. In order to prevent oral cancer, avoiding the risk factors are imperative, especially avoiding smoking, drinking, and sun exposure. Using sun protection on the lips is recommended.


Cancer of the Mouth

Early Detection of Cancer of the Mouth




Early detection will increase the chance to survive greatly. Understanding to the symptoms of cancer of the mouth becomes the first step to do. The symptoms are including development of white or red patches in the mouth, sudden bleeding in the mouth for no reason, sudden numbness and pain in mouth area for no reason, persistent sore in the mouth area that not heal after two weeks, difficult to chew, difficult to swallow, difficult to speak, and pain in the mouth area. Sometime, the symptoms may occur in the area surrounding mouth such as pain and sore in the throat, face, and neck.



You can do self-exam to detect oral cancer early before you go to doctor for accurate diagnosis. You can do it by looking carefully at your mouth area using mirror and bright light. Check for possibility of patches and lumps on all surfaces, including floor of the mouth. Since some area may not visible, use your tongue to feel the lumps. The other early detection effort for cancer of the mouth is visiting dentist regularly.

Cancer of the Liver, the Malignant Disease

On 9:09 PM

Cancer of the liver is defined as uncontrollable grow of cells that invade liver and cause damages. Liver cancer is divided into two categories. The first category and general term of liver cancer is primary liver cancer when the cancers begin in the liver while the second is secondary cancer when the cancer begins elsewhere but spreading to the liver. Primary cancer is malignant tumor that consists of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), cholangiocarcinoma, and angiosarcoma. Primary liver cancer has lower incident than secondary liver cancer and occur more in men than in women.



Liver cancer is like a silent killer because the symptom may not appear until the cancer grows and become advance. The common symptom of cancer of the liver are weakness, tiredness, weight loss, fever, pale bowel motions, yellowing skin and eyes, feeling sick, loss of appetite, severe pain of the abdomen, swelling of the upper right side of abdomen, and pain in the upper right side of abdomen. If you experience the symptoms, consultation to doctor is necessary. Doctor will do several tests to diagnose liver cancers, including blood test, ultrasound, CT Scan, MRI, PET-CT Scan, and biopsy.

Cancer of the Liver


After the diagnosis completed, treatment could be performed. Many treatments are available to fight cancer of the liver. Tumor ablation and chemotherapy are two common treatments for primary liver cancer while chemotherapy and surgery as the common treatments for secondary liver cancer. The other possible treatments are biological therapy, selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT), endoscopic stent placement, and palliative treatment. When condition of the liver is really bad, liver transplant is possible. However, it is hard to find suitable and eligible liver donor.



Preventing Cancer of the Liver



Primary liver cancer is mostly caused by hepatitis C and B infection. The other risk factors for the disease are liver scaring, genetic disorder, obesity, smoking, high alcohol consumption, diabetes type two, and exposure to certain chemicals. Preventing liver cancer could be done by reducing the risk factors. Since hepatitis is the biggest risk factors, vaccination is the most important way to prevent primary liver cancer. The other preventive action for cancer of the liver is living a healthy life by eating healthy foods, enough exercise, enough rest, avoiding alcohol, and stop smoking.

Cancer of the Uterus, Women Should Beware

On 5:32 PM

Cancer of the uterus or uterine cancer is something that women should beware because millions of women were diagnosed with this cancer and some of them died. You should pay attention to the signs of your body and find out whether you have abnormal vaginal bleeding or smelly discharge as the two common symptoms of uterine cancer. Although those signs could be the symptoms of other condition, you need to consult with doctor to know what exactly happen to your body. Early diagnose is important because it could increase the chance of survival.


This cancer has two main types. The first one and the most common uterine cancer is endometrial cancer that begins in the endometrium or the lining of uterus. Endometrial cancer is count for about 75% of total cancer of the uterus. The second and rare form of uterine cancer is uterine sarcoma. This cancer occurs in myometrium, the muscle tissue of uterus. As the cancer develops, it may spread to other part of the body.

Cancer of the Uterus


To diagnose uterine cancer, several tests may take place. The common tests to be done when doctor suspects uterine cancer are physical examination, transvaginal ultrasound, blood and urine tests, hysteroscopy and biopsy. After doctor find out the cancer, the treatment may begin. The most common treatment for cancer of the uterus is surgery to remove uterus and cervix. This surgery is mostly performed when the cancer has not yet spread to other body part. The other possible treatments for this cancer are including radiotherapy, hormone treatment, chemotherapy, and palliative treatment. If the cancer has spread, doctor may need to perform other treatment.



How to Prevent Cancer of the Uterus



Because uterine cancer could become so serious and even lead to death, women should be very careful. Unfortunately, doctors have not yet known the cause of uterine cancer so it is almost impossible to prevent it. What women could do is minimizing the risk factors of cancer of the uterus. You need to maintain healthy weight and maintain your overall health by having healthy lifestyle. Then, you need to be attentive about condition of your vagina. If you find abnormal vaginal bleeding and abnormal watery discharge, see doctor immediately.

Cancer of the Stomach, the Slow One

On 4:25 PM

Among cancer types, cancer of the stomach is one of the slowest. Start on the inner lining of the stomach, the cancer cells grow into a tumor over many years. The disease is also called gastric cancer. The exact cause of cancer in stomach is unknown but few things that can raise the risk for this disease are known. Some of them are bacteria H. pylori infection, gastritis, polyps in the stomach, and long lasting anemia. The other risk factors are including obese, smoking, unhealthy diet, stomach surgery for an ulcer, exposure to asbestos, certain genes, type A blood, and virus Epstein-Barr infection.



Stomach cancer is easiest to cure at early stage. In order to know the condition sooner, you need to know the common symptoms. The symptoms on early stage are including indigestion, heartburn, bloated after meal, loss of appetite, and nausea. If you often experience one or more of those symptoms, it is better to visit doctor. Symptoms that are more serious, when cancer of the stomach grows are including pain in the stomach, vomiting, sudden weight loss, constipation, blood in stool, trouble swallowing, yellowish of the skin or eyes, and swelling in the stomach.

Cancer of the Stomach


Cancer of the Stomach Diagnosis and Treatments



The diagnosis to know whether someone has stomach cancer or not is starts with physical exam and a check on medical history. Then doctor will continue with several tests to confirm cancer of the stomach. First, doctor will give blood tests to look signs of cancer in the body. The other tests that might take place are upper endoscopy to see what inside the stomach, upper GI series test on X-rays with contrast, CT scan to get detail pictures of the inside of the stomach, and biopsy. For biopsy, doctor needs sample of tissue from stomach that commonly does during endoscopy.


After the diagnosis completed and doctor knows where the location of the cancer and how much it has spread, treatment plan would be made. Many treatments can fight cancer of the stomach and the options are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, chemo radiation (mix of chemotherapy and radiation), and targeted drugs. Doctor will recommend treatment based on current condition and complexities of the patient.

Cancer of the Spine, the Mysterious One

On 12:57 AM

Cancer of the spine is the type of cancer, which the causes are largely unknown. Although scientists found that genetic conditions, may contribute the occurring of tumor in spinal column, they still not able to define most of the actual causes and risk factors of spinal cancer. Few risk factors defined are prior history of cancer (including the cancer may spreading to the spine), compromised immune system, hereditary disorders (including neurofibromatosis and Von Hippel-Lindau disease), and exposure to radiation or industrial chemicals.



Symptoms of spinal cancer may not noticeable until the cancer grows to the late stage. It develops slowly for years. In different times, the symptoms develop very quickly even within days. The most noticeable symptom when tumor occurs and pushing nerve ending or causing instability in the spine is pain. The tumor may also push the spine and disturb the lining to cause posture change such as hunchback. When cancer of the spine grows strong until it presses the spinal cord, the noticeable signs could be tingling in hand and feet or numbness. When it develops, the symptom may grow into clumsiness, weakness, and even paralysis. It would be hard to do many things, even  urination and bowel activities.

Cancer of the Spine


Advanced Treatments for Cancer of the Spine



Similar with other cancer types, accurate diagnosis is imperative before the doctor could determine the right treatment for spinal cancer. In most hospitals and cancer centers, a team of cancer experts will use several tools and imaging technologies to test and evaluate tumors that occur in the spinal column and spinal cord, including angiography, lumbar puncture, and nuclear medicine bone test. Once the team confirms cancer of the spine and made accurate diagnosis of where, what, and how much the tumor has grow, the treatment plan would be made.



Treatment plan would be tailor made based on individual approach due to complexities of the cancer. The choices of advanced medical treatment for cancer of the spine are including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, interventional radiology, and targeted therapy. The last one is the newer therapy, which targeted the tumors while minimizing side effects. Along with the treatment, the team will also prepare pain management and rehabilitation to preserve mobility and cognitive skills.